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Autumn 1: Earth and Space

  • Explain the rotation and orbit of the Earth creating days and years;
  • Explain seasons caused by the Earth’s tilt on its own axis and orbit of the Sun;
  • Study the movement of the Earth/Moon relative to the Sun in the solar system;
  • Study the phases of the moon;
  • Study the arrangement of the planets in the solar system;
  • Investigate the development of theories relating to the arrangement of stars and planets in the universe.


Autumn 2: Forces

  • Identify forces as pushes and pulls.

• Explain gravity as a force that pulls objects own.

• Identify Isaac Newton’s discoveries.

• Explain the effects of friction, including air and water resistance, on moving objects.

• Identify different mechanisms.

• Recognise that there are different variables in an investigation.

• Predict what will happen in an investigation.

• Make observations.


Spring 1 and 2: Properties and changes of materials

  • Compare materials (solid, liquids and gases).
  • Understand thermal conductivity and thermal insulation.
  • Make connections between an everyday material and its everyday use.
  • Consider absorbency and waterproofing of materials, including porous materials.
  • Investigate evaporation and condensation.
  • Understand how materials can change to different states.


Summer 1: Living things

  • Know the different parts of flowering plants.
  • Know the requirements of plants for life and growth.
  • Have some knowledge of seed formation and seed dispersal.
  • Know plants are suited to and adapt to their environment in different ways.
  • Understand living things have changed overtime and that fossils provide information about living things in the past.


Summer 2: Animals, including humans

  • Understand habitats and classification.
  • Describe life cycles of humans, birds and amphibians.
  • Explain changes as humans grow