Autumn 1: Earth and Space
- Explain the rotation and orbit of the Earth creating days and years;
- Explain seasons caused by the Earth’s tilt on its own axis and orbit of the Sun;
- Study the movement of the Earth/Moon relative to the Sun in the solar system;
- Study the phases of the moon;
- Study the arrangement of the planets in the solar system;
- Investigate the development of theories relating to the arrangement of stars and planets in the universe.
Autumn 2: Forces
- Identify forces as pushes and pulls.
• Explain gravity as a force that pulls objects own.
• Identify Isaac Newton’s discoveries.
• Explain the effects of friction, including air and water resistance, on moving objects.
• Identify different mechanisms.
• Recognise that there are different variables in an investigation.
• Predict what will happen in an investigation.
• Make observations.
Spring 1 and 2: Properties and changes of materials
- Compare materials (solid, liquids and gases).
- Understand thermal conductivity and thermal insulation.
- Make connections between an everyday material and its everyday use.
- Consider absorbency and waterproofing of materials, including porous materials.
- Investigate evaporation and condensation.
- Understand how materials can change to different states.
Summer 1: Living things
- Know the different parts of flowering plants.
- Know the requirements of plants for life and growth.
- Have some knowledge of seed formation and seed dispersal.
- Know plants are suited to and adapt to their environment in different ways.
- Understand living things have changed overtime and that fossils provide information about living things in the past.
Summer 2: Animals, including humans
- Understand habitats and classification.
- Describe life cycles of humans, birds and amphibians.
- Explain changes as humans grow